Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace
"As imminent conflict brews between the powerful Trade Federation and the peaceful planet of Naboo, Jedi Master Qui-Gon Jinn and his apprentice Obi-Wan Kenobi travel to Naboo to warn the Queen of the galactic fallout which is to follow. Eventually, Naboo is invaded forcing the Jedis to evacuate the planet with the Queen and her court. They travel to the desert planet of Tatooine where they meet a slave boy called Anakin Skywalker who is evidently one with the Force. They enlist his help in fighting the war, while the Jedis confront one of the Dark Jedis behind the invasion, Darth Maul, while his master Darth Sidious continues to lead the invasion as a "phantom" behind the scenes."
Summary written by Matthew McQuillan
More Than Just Stunts
November 17, 1999
'When Nick Gillard was given the role of Stunt Coordinator for The Phantom Menace, little did he know that, for the climactic lightsaber duel between Jedi and Sith, he'd be called upon to exercise the full range of skills required by film-makers.
Once he had helped define the style and art of Jedi swordplay, Gillard was faced with the task of writing the final confrontation with Darth Maul. The process began with George Lucas' script, three months before shooting began. "It tells you in the script that the three of them meet in a vicious fight," Gillard explains. "You know where it begins and where it ends, it's the part in the middle you have to get right." For Gillard, the planning process came naturally. "Providing you've studied the characters enough, you know who's going to lead off. You know who'll start it or you know who will finish it it, where they should be, who's going to be looking out for whom. It's knowing the characters really. And then I just stay with the characters. So even if there are three involved in the fight, I'll write Obi-Wan all the way through. Then I'll write the Sith part and then Qui-Gon."
Of course, revisions were necessary along the way. "Whenever you see anybody fighting near a big hole, it's a pretty sure bet someone's going to go over the edge", Gillard says. However, originally it wasn't Obi-Wan who was going to plunge. "It was going to be Qui-Gon going over and hanging, and then coming back and having another fight, and then getting killed. But that seemed unnecessary. What we came up with was just more economical, and I think, really better for the audience."
Since the specialized notation used to write the combat sequences wouldn't clearly convey the motion of the scene to others, Gillard adopted the practice of creating animatics - a form of video storyboarding. He taped the routines with stunt doubles using any available video equipment, ironing out any trouble spots. The results would be shown to Lucas who could approve them or ask for changes. Gillard says the use of animatics "worked really well for this film because a lot of stuff had never been done. It broke new ground, and you have to see in advance how it's going to look."
Gillard also had a hand in casting. Producer Rick McCallum suggested that since the part of Darth Maul had relatively little dialog, it might be better for a stunt performer to play the role. So Gillard found gymnast and martial artist-but film newcomer-Ray Park to play the Sith apprentice. Gillard recalls, "It was just a matter of teaching him the double-ended lightsaber. I didn't have to do an awful lot with him. He's very good and picked it up very quickly." That confidence and focus is important to Maul's character. "It doesn't make any difference whether he thinks he's going to win or lose. He's going to attack no matter what happens."
Eventually, Gillard had a chance to try his hand at directing. For one week, a "fight unit" was created to capture required pieces of action that could not be filmed by the busy main unit. The small unit worked with the main actors and stunt performers to produce shots that would have to be inserted seamlessly into the final film. When it came time for cameras to roll, everyone on the unit was occupied with their assigned task...except Gillard, who was more than happy to take the empty director's chair. "They couldn't sit in the chair and shout and scream at people," Gillard explains. "They all had proper jobs, and I didn't. I didn't get paid any more, but I really, really loved it."
Whether his role was writer, trainer, animatics artist, casting, director or plain old Stunt Coordinator, Nick Gillard did his best to ensure that the physical action transparently added to the audience experience of Episode I. "These days the audience is getting a whole lot more sophisticated and they know if something is pointless or not. You shouldn't notice stunts; it should be an experience. You leave not having noticed anything, but having a great time."'